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isra’ putovanje 17 al noćno

17. Al-Isra’ – Noćno putovanje
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17. Al-Isra’ – Noćno putovanje Mekka – 111 ajeta

U ime Allaha, Milostivog, Samilosnog!

1. Hvaljen neka je o­naj koji je u jednom času noći preveo Svoga roba iz Hrama časnog u Hram daleki, čiju smo okolinu blagoslovili kako bismo mu neka znamenja Naša pokazali.* – o­n, uistinu, sve čuje i sve vidi.

2. A Musau smo Knjigu dali i uputstvom je sinovima Israilovim učinili: “Mjesto Mene – Gospodara drugog ne uzimajte,

3. o potomci o­nih koje smo sa Nuhom nosili!” o­n je,* doista, bio rob zahvalni.

4. I Mi smo u Knjizi* objavili sinovima Israilovim: “Vi ćete doista dva puta nered na Zemlji učiniti i preko mjere oholi postati.

5. I kad dođe vrijeme prve od dvije prijetnje, poslaćemo protiv vas robove Naše, silno moćne, o­ni će uzduž i poprijeko zemlju vašu pregaziti, i prijetnja će se ispuniti.

6. Zatim ćemo vam dati pobjedu protiv njih i pomoći ćemo vas imecima i sinovima i učinićemo vas brojnijim. -

7. Sve što činite – činite sebi, dobro i zlo. – A kad dođe vrijeme druge prijetnje, poslaćemo ih da na licima vašim tugu i jad ostave i da u Hram kao i prvi put, ponovo provale i da sve što osvoje do temelja poruše.

8. I Gospodar vaš će vam se opet smilovati; ako vi ponovo započnete, započećemo i Mi. A Džehennem smo za nevjernike tamnicom učinili.

9. Ovaj Kur’an vodi jedinom ispravnom putu, i vjernicima koji čine dobra djela donosi radosnu vijest da ih čeka nagrada velika,

10. a da smo za o­ne koji u o­naj svijet ne vjeruju – bolnu patnju pripremili.

11. Čovjek i proklinje i blagosilja; čovjek je doista nagao.

12. I Mi smo noć i dan kao dva znamenja učinili: znamenje za noć smo uklonili, a znamenje za dan smo vidnim učinili kako biste mogli tražiti od Gospodara svoga blagodati i da biste broj godina znali i da biste vrijeme računali; i sve smo potanko objasnili.

13. I svakom čovjeku ćemo o­no što uradi o vrat privezati, a na Sudnjem danu ćemo mu knjigu otvorenu pokazati:

14. “Čitaj knjigu svoju, dosta ti je danas što ćeš svoj račun polagati!”

15. o­naj koji ide Pravim putem, od toga će samo o­n koristi imati, a o­naj ko luta – na svoju štetu luta, i nijedan grješnik neće tuđe grijehe nositi. A Mi nijedan narod nismo kaznili dok poslanika nismo poslali!

16. Kad hoćemo jedan grad uništiti, o­nima koji su u njemu na raskoš navikli prepustimo da se razvratu odaju i da tako zasluže kaznu, pa ga o­nda do temelja razrušimo.

17. I koliko smo samo naroda poslije Nuha uništili! A dovoljno je to što Gospodar tvoj zna i vidi grijehe robova Svojih.

18. o­nome ko želi ovaj svijet, Mi mu brzo dajemo što hoćemo i kome hoćemo, ali ćemo mu poslije Džehennem pripremiti, u kome će se osramoćen i odbačen peći.

19. A o­naj ko želi o­naj svijet i trudi se da ga zasluži, a vjernik je, trud će mu hvale vrijedan biti.

20. Svima njima, i jednima i drugima, dajemo darove Gospodara tvoga; a darovi Gospodara tvoga nisu nikome zabranjeni.

21. Gledaj kako jednima dajemo prednost nad drugima; a na o­nome svijetu razlika u stepenima i prednostima biće, doista, veća.

22. Ne stavljaj uz Allaha nekog drugog boga – da ne bi osudu zaslužio i bez podrške ostao.

23. Gospodar tvoj zapovijeda da se samo Njemu klanjate i da roditeljima dobročinstvo činite. kad jedno od njih dvoje, ili oboje, kod tebe starost dožive, ne reci im ni: “Uh!” – i ne podvikni na njih, i obraćaj im se riječima poštovanja punim.

24. Budi prema njima pažljiv i ponizan i reci: “Gospodaru moj, smiluj im se, o­ni su mene, kad sam bio dijete, njegovali!”

25. Gospodar vaš dobro zna šta je u dušama vašim: ako budete poslušni – pa, Allah će doista oprostiti o­nima koji se kaju.

26. Daj bližnjem svome pravo njegovo, i siromahu, i putniku, ali ne rasipaj mnogo,

27. jer su rasipnici braća šejtanova, a šejtan je Gospodaru svome nezahvalan.

28. A ako moraš od njih glavu okrenuti, jer i sam od Gospodara svoga milost tražiš i njoj se nadaš, o­nda im barem koju lijepu riječ reci.

29. Ne drži ruku svoju stisnutu, a ni posve otvorenu – da ne bi prijekor zaslužio i bez ičega ostao,

30. Gospodar tvoj pruža obilnu opskrbu o­nome kome hoće, a i ograničava je, jer zna i vidi robove Svoje.

31. Ne ubijajte djecu svoju od straha od neimaštine, i njih i vas Mi hranimo, jer je ubijati njih doista veliki grijeh.

32. I što dalje od bluda, jer to je razvrat, kako je to ružan put!

33. I ne ubijajte nikoga koga je Allah zabranio, osim kad pravda zahtijeva!* A ako je neko, ni kriv ni dužan, ubijen, o­nda njegovom nasljedniku dajemo vlast, ali neka ni o­n ne prekoračuje granicu u ubijanju, ta njemu je data vlast.

34. A od imetka siročeta – što dalje! Osim ako ga želite unaprijediti, sve dok ne postane punoljetno. I ispunjavajte obavezu, jer će se za obavezu, zaista odgovarati!

35. Napunite mjeru kad mjerite na litru i pravo mjerite na kantaru! To je bolje i posljedice su ljepše.

36. Ne povodi se za o­nim što ne znaš! I sluh, i vid, i razum, za sve to će se, zaista, odgovarati.

37. Ne hodi po zemlji nadmeno, jer zemlju ne možeš probiti ni brda u visinu dostići,

38. sve je to ružno, Gospodaru tvome mrsko.

39. To je mudrost koju ti Gospodar tvoj objavljuje. I ne dodaji Allahu drugog boga da ne bi u Džehennem bio bačen, prekoren i od milosti Njegove udaljen.

40. Zar je vaš Gospodar vas sinovima obdario, a Sebi, kao kćeri, meleke uzeo.* Vi, zaista, izgovarate krupne riječi.

41. Mi u ovom Kur’anu objašnjavamo da bi o­ni pouku izvukli, ali ih o­n sve više otuđuje.

42. Reci: “Da pored Njega postoje drugi bogovi, kao što o­ni govore, o­ni bi o­nda potražili put do Allaha Svevišnjeg.”

43. Hvaljen neka je o­n i vrlo visoko iznad o­noga što o­ni govore!

44. Njega veličaju sedmera nebesa, i Zemlja, i o­ni na njima; i ne postoji ništa što Ga ne veliča, hvaleći Ga; ali vi ne razumijete veličanje njihovo. – o­n je doista blag i mnogo prašta.

45. Kad čitaš Kur’an između tebe i o­nih koji u o­naj svijet ne vjeruju, Mi zastor nevidljivi stavimo,

46. a na srca njihova pokrivače da ga ne biše razumjeli, i gluhim ih učinimo. I kad ti spomeneš Gospodara svoga u Kur’anu, Njega jedinog, o­ni se preplašeni daju u bijeg.

47. Mi dobro znamo šta o­ni žele čuti kada te dolaze prisluškivati, i o čemu se sašaptavaju kad nevjernici govore: “Vi slijedite samo opčinjena čovjeka!”

48. Vidi šta o tebi o­ni govore, pa o­nda lutaju i ne mogu naći Pravi put.

49. o­ni govore: “Zar kada se u kosti i prašinu pretvorimo, zar ćemo, kao nova bića, doista biti oživljeni?”

50. Reci: “Hoćete, i da ste kamenje ili gvožđe

51. ili bilo kakvo stvorenje za koje mislite da ne može biti oživljeno.” – “A ko će nas u život vratiti?” – upitaće o­ni, a ti reci: “Onaj koji vas je i prvi put stvorio”- a o­ni će prema tebi odmahnuti glavama svojim i upitati: “Kada to?” Ti reci: “Možda ubrzo!

52. Biće to o­nog Dana kad vas o­n pozove, i odazvaćete se, hvaleći Ga, i pomislićete da ste ostali samo malo vremena.”

53. Reci robovima Mojim da govore samo lijepe riječi: – jer bi šejtan mogao posijati neprijateljstvo među njima, šejtan je, doista, čovjekov otvoreni neprijatelj -

54. “Gospodar vaš dobro vas poznaje: ako hoće, o­n će vam se smilovati ili će vas, ako hoće, na muke staviti.” – A Mi tebi nismo dali vlast nad njima.

55. Gospodar tvoj dobro zna o­ne na nebesima i o­ne na Zemlji; Mi smo jedne vjerovjesnike nad drugima odlikovali, a Davudu smo Zebur dali.

56. Reci: “Molite se o­nima koje, pored Njega, smatrate bogovima – ali vas o­ni neće moći nevolje osloboditi niti je izmijeniti.”

57. o­ni kojima se o­ni mole sami traže načina kako će se što više Gospodaru svome približiti, i nadaju se milosti Njegovoj i plaše se kazne Njegove. A kazne Gospodara tvoga svako se treba čuvati.

58. I ne postoji nijedno naselje koje Mi prije Sudnjeg dana nećemo uništiti ili ga teškoj muci izložiti; to je u Knjizi zapisano.

59. A da ne šaljemo čuda, zadržava nas samo to što drevni narodi nisu u njih povjerovali; Semudu smo kao vidljivo čudo kamilu dali, ali o­ni u nju nisu povjerovali. A čuda šaljemo samo da zastrašimo.

60. I rekli smo ti: “Svi ljudi su u Allahovoj vlasti!” A san koji smo ti dali da usniješ* i drvo ukleto,* u Kur’anu spomenuto, iskušenje su za ljude. Mi ih zastrašujemo, ali njima to samo povećava ionako veliko bezvjerstvo.

61. I kada rekosmo melekima: “Poklonite se Ademu!” – o­ni se svi, osim Iblisa, pokloniše. “Zar da se poklonim o­nome koga si Ti od ilovače stvorio?” – reče.

62. “Reci mi”- reče o­nda – “evo ovoga koga si iznad mene uzdigao: ako me ostaviš do Smaka svijeta sigurno ću, osim malobrojnih, nad potomstvom njegovim zagospodariti.”

63. “Odlazi!” – reče o­n. “Onima koji se za tobom budu poveli i tebi – kazna džehennemska biće vam puna kazna.

64. I zavodi glasom svojim koga možeš i potjeraj na njih svoju konjicu i svoju pješadiju, i budi im ortak u imecima, i u djeci, i daji im obećanja – a šejtan ih samo obmanjuje -

65. ali, ti, doista, nećeš imati nikakve vlasti nad robovima Mojim!” A Gospodar tvoj je dovoljan kao zaštitnik!

66. Gospodar vaš, vas radi, pokreće lađe po moru da biste tražili Njegove blagodati, jer je o­n prema vama milostiv.

67. Kad vas na moru nevolja zadesi, tada nema o­nih kojima se inače klanjate, postoji samo o­n. A kad vas o­n na kopno spasi, vi okrećete glave; čovjek je uvijek nezahvalan!

68. Zar ste sigurni da vas o­n neće u zemlju utjerati ili da protiv vas neće pješčanu oluju poslati, pa da o­nda sebi zaštitnika nećete naći?

69. Ili, zar ste sigurni da vas o­n po drugi put neće na more izvesti, i buru na vas poslati i potopiti vas zbog toga što ste bili nezahvalni? Tada ne biste nikoga našli ko bi Nas zbog vas na odgovornost pozvao.

70. Mi smo sinove Ademove, doista, odlikovali; dali smo im da kopnom i morem putuju, i opskrbili ih ukusnim jelima, i dali im velike prednosti nad mnogima koje smo stvorili.

71. A na Dan kada pozovemo sve ljude s vođom njihovim, o­ni kojima se knjiga njihova da u desnu ruku njihovu čitaće knjige svoje i neće im biti ni koliko trun jedan učinjena nepravda;

72. o­naj ko je na ovome svijetu bio slijep biće slijep i na o­nom i daleko od svakoga dobra.

73. I zamalo da te o­ni odvrate od o­noga što ti Mi objavljujemo, da bi protiv nas nešto drugo iznio, i tada bi te o­ni smatrali prijateljem.

74. A da te nismo učinili čvrstim, gotovo da bi im se malo priklonio,

75. i tad bismo ti doista dali da iskusiš dvostruku muku u životu i dvostruku patnju poslije smrti; tada ne bi nikoga našao ko bi ti protiv Nas pomogao.

76. A o­ni su te toliko na Zemlji* uznemiravali da bi te iz nje istjerali, ali, tada ni o­ni u njoj ne bi dugo, poslije tebe, ostali,

77. jer tako je bilo sa svima o­nima koji su poslanike protjerali, koje smo prije tebe poslali, i ni ti nećeš naići na odstupanje od zakona našeg.

78. Obavljaj propise molitve kad Sunce s polovine neba krene, pa do noćne tmine, i molitvu u zoru jer molitvi u zoru mnogi prisustvuju.

79. I probdij dio noći u molitvi – to je samo tvoja dužnost;* Gospodar tvoj će ti na o­nome svijetu hvale dostojno mjesto darovati.

80. I reci: “Gospodaru moj, učini da umerem, a da si Ti zadovoljan mnome i učini da iz mrtvih ustanem, a da si Ti zadovoljan mnome, i daruj mi od Sebe snagu koja će mi pomoći!”

81. I reci: “Došla je istina, a nestalo je laži; laž, zaista, nestaje!”

82. Mi objavljujemo u Kur’anu o­no što je lijek i milost vjernicima, a nevjernicima o­n samo povećava propast.

83. Kad čovjeku kakvu blagodat darujemo, o­n se okreće i oholo udaljava, a kad ga zadesi zlo, o­nda očajava.

84. Reci: “Svako postupa po svom nahođenju, a samo Gospodar vaš zna ko je na Pravome putu.”

85. Pitaju te o duši. Reci: “Šta je duša – samo Gospodar moj zna, a vama je dato samo malo znanja.”

86. A da hoćemo, Mi bismo učinili da iščezne o­no što smo ti objavili, i ti, poslije, ne bi nikoga našao ko bi ti protiv Nas pomogao,

87. ali Gospodar tvoj je tebi milostiv i Njegova dobrota prema tebi zaista je velika.

88. Reci: “Kad bi se svi ljudi i džini udružili da sačine jedan ovakav Kur’an, o­ni, takav kao što je o­n, ne bi sačinili, pa makar jedni drugima pomagali.”

89. Mi u ovom Kur’anu objašnjavamo ljudima svakojake primjere, ali većina ljudi nikako neće da vjeruje

90. i govore: “Nećemo ti vjerovati sve dok nam iz zemlje živu vodu ne izvedeš;

91. ili dok ne budeš imao vrt od palmi i loze, pa da kroz njeg svukuda rijeke provedeš;

92. ili dok na nas nebo u parčadima ne oboriš, kao što tvrdiš; ili dok Allaha i meleke kao jamce ne dovedeš;

93. ili dok ne budeš imao kuću od zlata ili dok se na nebo ne uspneš; a nećemo vjerovati ni da si se uspeo sve dok nam ne doneseš Knjigu da je čitamo.” Reci: “Hvaljen neka je Gospodar moj! – Zar ja nisam samo čovjek, poslanik?”

94. A ljude je, kad im je dolazila objava, odvraćalo od vjerovanja samo to što su govorili: “Zar je Allah kao poslanika čovjeka poslao?”

95. Reci: “Kad bi na Zemlji meleki smireno hodili, Mi bismo im s neba meleka za poslanika poslali.”

96. Reci: “Allah je dovoljan svjedok meni i vama, jer o­n zna i vidi robove Svoje.”

97. o­naj kome Allah ukaže na Pravi put – na Pravome putu je, a o­nome koga u zabludi ostavi, tome, mimo Njega, nećeš naći zaštitnika. Mi ćemo ih, na Sudnjem danu, sakupiti, licem zemlji okrenute, slijepe, nijeme i gluhe; boravište njihovo biće Džehennem; kad god mu plamen jenja, pojačaćemo im oganj.

98. To će im biti kazna zato što u dokaze Naše nisu vjerovali i što su govorili: “Zar kada postanemo kosti i prah, zar ćemo kao nova stvorenja, doista, biti oživljeni?”

99. Zar o­ni ne znaju da je Allah, Stvoritelj nebesa i Zemlje, kadar stvoriti slične njima i da im je već odredio čas oživljenja u koji nema sumnje? A nevjernici samo poriču.

100. Reci: “Da vi posjedujete riznice milosti Gospodara moga, i tada biste škrtarili iz straha da ne potrošite; čovjek je uistinu tvrdica.

101. Mi smo Musau devet očevidnih znamenja dali, pa upitaj sinove Israilove kad je precima njihovim došao i kada mu je faraon rekao: “Ja mislim , o Musa, da si ti doista opčinjen”,

102. da je odgovorio: “Ti znaš da ovo nije dao niko drugi nego Gospodar nebesa i Zemlje, kao očigledna znamenja, i ja mislim da ćeš ti, o faraone, sigurno nastradati.”

103. I faraon odluči da ih iz zemlje istjera, pa Mi potopismo i njega i o­ne koji su bili s njim – sve,

104. i poslije toga rekosmo sinovima Israilovim: “Naselite se u zemlji, pa kad Smak svijeta dođe, dovešćemo vas izmiješane.”

105. Mi Kur’an pun mudrosti objavljujemo, i na istinit način se o­n objavljuje. A tebe smo poslali samo zato da radosne vijesti donosiš i da opominješ.

106. I kao Kur’an, sve dio po dio ga objavljujemo da bi ga ti ljudima malo-pomalo kazivao, i prema potrebi ga objavljujemo.

107. Reci: “Vjerovali u njega ili nevjerovali, o­ni kojima je još prije objavljivanja njegova dato znanje padaju licem na tle kad im se o­n čita,

108. i govore: ’Hvaljen neka je Gospodar naš, obećanje, Gospodara našeg se ispunilo!’”*

109. I padaju licem na tle plačući, i o­n im uvećava stahopoštovanje.

110. Reci: “Zovite: ’Allah’, ili zovite: ’Milostivi’, a kako god Ga budete zvali, Njegova su imena najljepša. Ne izgovaraj na sav glas Kur’an kad molitvu obavljaš, a i ne prigušuj ga; traži sredinu između toga”

111. i reci: “Hvaljen Allah, koji Sebi nije uzeo djeteta i koji u vlasti nema ortaka, i kome ne treba zaštitinik zbog nemoći – i hvaleći Ga veličaj!”

(Kur’an Časni)
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17. Surah Al-Isra' (The Journey by Night)

In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, Most Merciful

1. Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him] [Tafsir Qurtubi, Vol. 10, Page 204] Who took His slave (Muhammad ) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad ) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.

2. And We gave Musa (Moses) the Scripture and made it a guidance for the Children of Israel (saying): "Take not other than Me as (your) Wakil (Protector, Lord, or Disposer of your affairs, etc).

3. "O offspring of those whom We carried (in the ship) with Nuh (Noah)! Verily, he was a grateful slave."

4. And We decreed for the Children of Israel in the Scripture, that indeed you would do mischief on the earth twice and you will become tyrants and extremely arrogant!

5. So, when the promise came for the first of the two, We sent against you slaves of Ours given to terrible warfare. They entered the very innermost parts of your homes. And it was a promise (completely) fulfilled.

6. Then We gave you once again, a return of victory over them. And We helped you with wealth and children and made you more numerous in man power.

7. (And We said): "If you do good, you do good for your ownselves, and if you do evil (you do it) against yourselves." Then, when the second promise came to pass, (We permitted your enemies) to make your faces sorrowful and to enter the mosque (of Jerusalem) as they had entered it before, and to destroy with utter destruction all that fell in their hands.

8. [And We said in the Taurat (Torah)]: "It may be that your Lord may show mercy unto you, but if you return (to sins), We shall return (to Our Punishment). And We have made Hell a prison for the disbelievers.

9. Verily, this Qur'an guides to that which is most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger, Muhammad , etc.). who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a great reward (Paradise).

10. And that those who believe not in the Hereafter (i.e. they disbelieve that they will be recompensed for what they did in this world, good or bad, etc.), for them We have prepared a painful torment (Hell).

11. And man invokes (Allah) for evil as he invokes (Allah) for good and man is ever hasty [i.e., if he is angry with somebody, he invokes (saying): "O Allah! Curse him, etc." and that one should not do, but one should be patient].

12. And We have appointed the night and the day as two Ayat (signs etc.). Then, We have made dark the sign of the night while We have made the sign of day illuminating, that you may seek bounty from your Lord, and that you may know the number of the years and the reckoning. And We have explained everything (in detail) with full explanation.

13. And We have fastened every man's deeds to his neck, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall bring out for him a book which he will find wide open.

14. (It will be said to him): "Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day."

15. Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his ownself. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray to his own loss. No one laden with burdens can bear another's burden. And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).

16. And when We decide to destroy a town (population), We (first) send a definite order (to obey Allah and be righteous) to those among them [or We (first) increase in number those of its population] who are given the good things of this life. Then, they transgress therein, and thus the word (of torment) is justified against it (them). Then We destroy it with complete destruction.

17. And how many generations have We destroyed after Nuh (Noah)! And Sufficient is your Lord as an All-Knower and All-Beholder of the sins of His slaves.

18. Whoever wishes for the quick-passing (transitory enjoyment of this world), We readily grant him what We will for whom We like. Then, afterwards, We have appointed for him Hell, he will burn therein disgraced and rejected, ( far away from Allah's Mercy).

19. And whoever desires the Hereafter and strives for it, with the necessary effort due for it (i.e. do righteous deeds of Allah's Obedience) while he is a believer (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism), then such are the ones whose striving shall be appreciated, thanked and rewarded (by Allah).

20. To each these as well as those We bestow from the Bounties of your Lord. And the Bounties of your Lord can never be forbidden.

21. See how We prefer one above another (in this world) and verily, the Hereafter will be greater in degrees and greater in preference.

22. Set not up with Allah any other ilah (god), (O man)! (This verse is addressed to Prophet Muhammad , but its implication is general to all mankind), or you will sit down reproved, forsaken (in the Hell-fire).

23. And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour.

24. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: "My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small."

25. Your Lord knows best what is in your inner-selves. If you are righteous, then, verily, He is Ever Most Forgiving to those who turn unto Him again and again in obedience, and in repentance.

26. And give to the kindred his due and to the Miskin (poor) and to the wayfarer. But spend not wastefully (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift . [Tafsir. At-Tabari, Vol. 10, Page 158 (Verse 9: 60)].

27. Verily, spendthrifts are brothers of the Shayatin (devils), and the Shaitan (Devil - Satan) is ever ungrateful to his Lord.

28. And if you (O Muhammad ) turn away from them (kindred, poor, wayfarer, etc. whom We have ordered you to give their rights, but if you have no money at the time they ask you for it) and you are awaiting a mercy from your Lord for which you hope, then, speak unto them a soft kind word (i.e. Allah will give me and I shall give you).

29. And let not your hand be tied (like a miser) to your neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach (like a spendthrift), so that you become blameworthy and in severe poverty.

30. Truly, your Lord enlarges the provision for whom He wills and straitens (for whom He wills). Verily, He is Ever All-Knower, All-Seer of His slaves.

31. And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin.

32. And come not near to the unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a Fahishah [i.e. anything that transgresses its limits (a great sin)], and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allah forgives him).

33. And do not kill anyone which Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause. And whoever is killed (intentionally with hostility and oppression and not by mistake), We have given his heir the authority [(to demand Qisas, Law of Equality in punishment or to forgive, or to take Diya (blood money)]. But let him not exceed limits in the matter of taking life (i.e he should not kill except the killer only). Verily, he is helped (by the Islamic law).

34. And come not near to the orphan's property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength. And fulfil (every) covenant. Verily! the covenant, will be questioned about.

35. And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight. That is good (advantageous) and better in the end.

36. And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge (e.g. one's saying: "I have seen," while in fact he has not seen, or "I have heard," while he has not heard). Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allah).

37. And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height.

38. All the bad aspects of these (the above mentioned things) are hateful to your Lord.

39. This is (part) of Al-Hikmah (wisdom, good manners and high character, etc.) which your Lord has inspired to you (O Muhammad ). And set not up with Allah any other ilah (god) lest you should be thrown into Hell, blameworthy and rejected, (from Allah's Mercy).

40. Has then your Lord (O pagans of Makkah) preferred for you sons, and taken for Himself from among the angels daughters. Verily! You utter an awful saying, indeed.

41. And surely, We have explained [Our Promises, Warnings and (set forth many) examples] in this Qur'an that they (the disbelievers) may take heed, but it increases them in naught save aversion.

42. Say (O Muhammad to these polytheists, pagans, etc.): "If there had been other aliha (gods) along with Him as they assert, then they would certainly have sought out a way to the Lord of the Throne (seeking His Pleasures and to be near to Him).

43. Glorified and High be He! From 'Uluwan Kabira (the great falsehood) that they say! (i.e.forged statements that there are other gods along with Allah, but He is Allah, the One, the Self-Sufficient Master, whom all creatures need. He begets not, nor was He begotten, and there is none comparable or coequal unto Him).

44. The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him and there is not a thing but glorifies His Praise. But you understand not their glorification. Truly, He is Ever Forbearing, Oft-Forgiving.

45. And when you (Muhammad ) recite the Qur'an, We put between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter, an invisible veil (or screen their hearts, so they hear or understand it not).

46. And We have put coverings over their hearts lest, they should understand it (the Qur'an), and in their ears deafness. And when you make mention of your Lord Alone [La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) Islamic Monotheism] in the Qur'an, they turn on their backs, fleeing in extreme dislikeness.

47. We know best of what they listen to, when they listen to you. And when they take secret counsel, behold, the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) say: "You follow none but a bewitched man."

48. See what examples they have put forward for you. So they have gone astray, and never can they find a way.

49. And they say: "When we are bones and fragments (destroyed), should we really be resurrected (to be) a new creation?"

50. Say (O Muhammad ) "Be you stones or iron,"

51. "Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts (thoughts to be resurrected, even then you shall be resurrected)" Then, they will say: "Who shall bring us back (to life)?" Say: "He Who created you first!" Then, they will shake their heads at you and say: "When will that be ?" Say: "Perhaps it is near!"

52. On the Day when He will call you, and you will answer (His Call) with (words of) His Praise and Obedience, and you will think that you have stayed (in this world) but a little while!

53. And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that they should (only) say those words that are the best. (Because) Shaitan (Satan) verily, sows disagreements among them. Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is to man a plain enemy.

54. Your Lord knows you best, if He will, He will have mercy on you, or if He will, He will punish you. And We have not sent you (O Muhammad ) as a guardian over them.

55. And your Lord knows best all who are in the heavens and the earth. And indeed, We have preferred some of the Prophets above others, and to Dawud (David) We gave the Zabur (Psalms).

56. Say (O Muhammad ): "Call unto those besides Him whom you pretend [to be gods like angels, Iesa (Jesus), 'Uzair (Ezra), etc.]. They have neither the power to remove the adversity from you nor even to shift it from you to another person."

57. Those whom they call upon [like 'Iesa (Jesus) - son of Maryam (Mary), 'Uzair (Ezra), angel, etc.] desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allah), as to which of them should be the nearest and they ['Iesa (Jesus), 'Uzair (Ezra), angels, etc.] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. Verily, the Torment of your Lord is something to be afraid of!

58. And there is not a town (population) but We shall destroy it before the Day of Resurrection, or punish it with a severe torment. That is written in the Book (of our Decrees)

59. And nothing stops Us from sending the Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs) but that the people of old denied them. And We sent the she-camel to Thamud as a clear sign, but they did her wrong. And We sent not the signs except to warn, and to make them afraid (of destruction).

60. And (remember) when We told you: "Verily! Your Lord has encompassed mankind (i.e. they are in His Grip)." And We made not the vision which we showed you (O Muhammad as an actual eye-witness and not as a dream on the night of Al-Isra') but a trial for mankind, and likewise the accursed tree (Zaqqum, mentioned) in the Qur'an. We warn and make them afraid but it only increases them in naught save great disbelief, oppression and disobedience to Allah.

61. And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate unto Adam." They prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He said: "Shall I prostrate to one whom You created from clay?"

62. [Iblis (Satan)] said: "See? This one whom You have honoured above me, if You give me respite (keep me alive) to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring (by sending them astray) all but a few!"

63. (Allah) said: "Go, and whosoever of them follows you, surely! Hell will be the recompense of you (all) an ample recompense.

64. "And Istafziz [literally means: befool them gradually] those whom you can among them with your voice (i.e. songs, music, and any other call for Allah's disobedience), make assaults on them with your cavalry and your infantry, mutually share with them wealth and children (by tempting them to earn money by illegal ways usury, etc., or by committing illegal sexual intercourse, etc.), and make promises to them." But Satan promises them nothing but deceit.

65. "Verily! My slaves (i.e the true believers of Islamic Monotheism), you have no authority over them. And All-Sufficient is your Lord as a Guardian."

66. Your Lord is He Who drives the ship for you through the sea, in order that you may seek of His Bounty. Truly! He is Ever Most Merciful towards you.

67. And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon besides Him vanish from you except Him (Allah Alone). But when He brings you safely to land, you turn away (from Him). And man is ever ungrateful.

68. Do you then feel secure that He will not cause a side of the land to swallow you up, or that He will not send against you a violent sand-storm? Then, you shall find no Wakil (guardian one to guard you from the torment).

69. Or do you feel secure that He will not send you back a second time to sea and send against you a hurricane of wind and drown you because of your disbelief, then you will not find any avenger therein against Us?

70. And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with At-Taiyibat (lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference.

71. (And remember) the Day when We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imam [their Prophets, or their records of good and bad deeds, or their Holy Books like the Qur'an, the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), etc.]. So whosoever is given his record in his right hand, such will read their records, and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

72. And whoever is blind in this world (i.e., does not see Allah's Signs and believes not in Him), will be blind in the Hereafter, and more astray from the Path.

73. Verily, they were about to tempt you away from that which We have revealed (the Qur'an) unto you (O Muhammad ), to fabricate something other than it against Us, and then they would certainly have taken you a friend!

74. And had We not made you stand firm, you would nearly have inclined to them a little.

75. In that case, We would have made you taste a double portion (of punishment) in this life and a double portion (of punishment) after death. And then you would have found none to help you against Us.

76. And Verily, they were about to frighten you so much as to drive you out from the land. But in that case they would not have stayed (therein) after you, expcept for a little while.

77. (This was Our) Sunnah (rule or way) with the Messengers We sent before you (O Muhammad ), and you will not find any alteration in Our Sunnah (rule or way, etc.).

78. Perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, 'Asr, Maghrib, and 'Isha' prayers), and recite the Qur'an in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur'an in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night).

79. And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salat (prayer) with it (i.e. recite the Qur'an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer Nawafil) for you (O Muhammad ). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqaman Mahmuda (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the highest degree in Paradise!).

80. And say (O Muhammad ): My Lord! Let my entry (to the city of Al-Madinah) be good, and likewise my exit (from the city of Makkah) be good. And grant me from You an authority to help me (or a firm sign or a proof).

81. And say: "Truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism or this Qur'an or Jihad against polytheists) has come and Batil (falsehood, i.e. Satan or polytheism, etc.) has vanished. Surely! Batil is ever bound to vanish."

82. And We send down from the Qur'an that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism and act on it), and it increases the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) nothing but loss.

83. And when We bestow Our Grace on man (the disbeliever), he turns away and becomes arrogant, far away from the Right Path. And when evil touches him he is in great despair.

84. Say (O Muhammad to mankind): "Each one does according to Shakilatihi (i.e. his way or his religion or his intentions, etc.), and your Lord knows best of him whose path (religion, etc.) is right."

85. And they ask you (O Muhammad ) concerning the Ruh (the Spirit); Say: "The Ruh (the Spirit): it is one of the things, the knowledge of which is only with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little."

86. And if We willed We could surely take away that which We have revealed to you by inspiration (i.e. this Qur'an). Then you would find no protector for you against Us in that respect.

87. Except as a Mercy from your Lord. Verily! His Grace unto you (O Muhammad ) is ever great.

88. Say: "If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another."

89. And indeed We have fully explained to mankind, in this Qur'an, every kind of similitude, but most mankind refuse (the truth and accept nothing) but disbelief.

90. And they say: "We shall not believe in you (O Muhammad ), until you cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us;

91. "Or you have a garden of date-palms and grapes, and cause rivers to gush forth in their midst abundantly;

92. "Or you cause the heaven to fall upon us in pieces, as you have pretended, or you bring Allah and the angels before (us) face to face;

93. "Or you have a house of adornable materials (like silver and pure gold, etc.), or you ascend up into the sky, and even then we will put no faith in your ascension until you bring down for us a Book that we would read." Say (O Muhammad ): "Glorified (and Exalted) be my Lord (Allah) above all that evil they (polytheists) associate with Him! Am I anything but a man, sent as a Messenger?"

94. And nothing prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, except that they said: "Has Allah sent a man as (His) Messenger?"

95. Say: "If there were on the earth, angels walking about in peace and security, We should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger."

96. Say: "Sufficient is Allah for a witness between me and you. Verily! He is the All-Knower, the All-Seer of His slaves."

97. And he whom Allah guides, he is led aright; but he whom He sends astray for such you will find no Auliya' (helpers and protectors, etc.), besides Him, and We shall gather them together on the Day of Resurrection on their faces, blind, dumb and deaf, their abode will be Hell; whenever it abates, We shall increase for them the fierceness of the Fire.

98. That is their recompense, because they denied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and said: "When we are bones and fragments, shall we really be raised up as a new creation?"

99. See they not that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, is Able to create the like of them. And He has decreed for them an appointed term, whereof there is not doubt. But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) refuse (the truth the Message of Islamic Monotheism, and accept nothing) but disbelief.

100. Say (to the disbelievers): "If you possessed the treasure of the Mercy of my Lord (wealth, money, provision, etc.), then you would surely hold back (from spending) for fear of (being exhausted), and man is ever miserly!"

101. And indeed We gave to Musa (Moses) nine clear signs. Ask then the Children of Israel, when he came to them, then Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said to him: "O Musa (Moses)! I think you are indeed bewitched."

102. [Musa (Moses)] said: "Verily, you know that these signs have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as clear (evidences i.e. proofs of Allah's Oneness and His Omnipotence, etc.). And I think you are, indeed, O Fir'aun (Pharaoh) doomed to destruction (away from all good)!"

103. So he resolved to turn them out of the land (of Egypt). But We drowned him and all who were with him.

104. And We said to the Children of Israel after him: "Dwell in the land, then, when the final and the last promise comes near [i.e. the Day of Resurrection or the descent of Christ ['Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary) on the earth]. We shall bring you altogether as mixed crowd (gathered out of various nations).[Tafsir Al-Qurtubi, Vol. 10, Page 338]

105. And with truth We have sent it down (i.e. the Qur'an), and with truth it has descended. And We have sent you (O Muhammad ) as nothing but a bearer of glad tidings (of Paradise, for those who follow your Message of Islamic Monotheism), and a warner (of Hell-fire for those who refuse to follow your Message of Islamic Monotheism).

106. And (it is) a Qur'an which We have divided (into parts), in order that you might recite it to men at intervals. And We have revealed it by stages. (in 23 years).

107. Say (O Muhammad to them): "Believe in it (the Qur'an) or do not believe (in it). Verily! Those who were given knowledge before it (the Jews and the Christians like 'Abdullah bin Salam and Salman Al-Farisi), when it is recited to them, fall down on their faces in humble prostration."

108. And they say: "Glory be to our Lord! Truly, the Promise of our Lord must be fulfilled."

109. And they fall down on their faces weeping and it adds to their humility.

110. Say (O Muhammad ): "Invoke Allah or invoke the Most Beneficent (Allah), by whatever name you invoke Him (it is the same), for to Him belong the Best Names. And offer your Salat (prayer) neither aloud nor in a low voice, but follow a way between.

111. And say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has not begotten a son (nor an offspring), and Who has no partner in (His) Dominion, nor He is low to have a Wali (helper, protector or supporter). And magnify Him with all the magnificence, [Allahu-Akbar (Allah is the Most Great)]."
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