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What is Sadaqa?
Abu Hurairah (ra) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sas) said,

"Every joint of a person must perform a charity each day that the sun rises: to judge justly between two people is a charity. To help a man with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto it, is a charity. And the good word is a charity. And every step that you take towards the prayer is a charity, and removing a harmful object from the road is a charity."

Related by Bukhari & Muslim

Citat:عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم

"كُلُّ سُلَامَى مِنْ النَّاسِ عَلَيْهِ صَدَقَةٌ، كُلَّ يَوْمٍ تَطْلُعُ فِيهِ الشَّمْسُ تَعْدِلُ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَتُعِينُ الرَّجُلَ فِي دَابَّتِهِ فَتَحْمِلُهُ عَلَيْهَا أَوْ تَرْفَعُ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا مَتَاعَهُ صَدَقَةٌ، وَالْكَلِمَةُ الطَّيِّبَةُ صَدَقَةٌ، وَبِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ تَمْشِيهَا إلَى الصَّلَاةِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَتُمِيطُ الْأَذَى عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ صَدَقَةٌ".

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ].

Commentary Summary
This hadith elaborates on the different forms of charity. There are three hundred and sixty joints in the human body and charity is due upon each one as a form of gratitude to Allah (swt). Being able to be just between individuals, walking towards the masjid for prayer, and removing harmful objects from the road are all considered as acts of charity.

Fulfilling Gratitude Through Charity
Every person’s joints and bones have a responsibility on them every day. Thus, performing charity for this blessing extends into the concept of gratitude. Allah (swt) has given us many blessings, including our bones, our joints, and the way our body comes together. The fact that they do so in the most beautiful and amazing way means that there is charity due upon us. This charity is an act of gratitude for what Allah (swt) has given us. Gratitude is not something only said by the tongue or felt by the heart, but something that manifests itself in one’s actions.

Reconciliation Between two People
The Prophet (sas) mentions in this hadith that to reconcile and be just between two people is an act of charity. This can sometimes be difficult because you might be in the middle of a conflict or situation and there are biased considerations because of the people involved. You might have relations or a responsibility to one or the other. Therefore, it becomes more difficult to be just. Maybe one person is richer, one is more powerful, one is a friend, or even one might be from your country. However, putting aside these points and being just between people is an act of charity.

Assisting Individuals
In modern days, helping someone with “their animal” is in relation to our cars. Acts such as opening the car door for a person or carrying something to their car is considered charity. As society spreads out even more and people become more distrustful of others, they may look at these actions as strange. However, as a general principle, if we see someone who could use some help, we should help them. If you can help individuals cross the street or carry some groceries for people, then do so. Keep in mind that this does not apply to strangers only. You should help your family and others you know as well. These are important etiquettes Sheikh Abdel Fattah Abu Ghuddah mentioned in his book, Islamic Manners. He mentions that the people that are the most beloved to you are the ones who are the most deserving of these manners. He also states that most people are lax with the ones they love but they should have the highest standard of character from you. Thus, to assist people is not only for strangers, but also for our families.

A Good Word is Charity
Saying a good word is very powerful and can really positively change people’s lives, as well as their days, just as a bad word can have the opposite effect. Saying a good word is a powerful and noble thing that should be practiced. If we practice the art of saying the right thing at the right time, then eventually we can be that kind of person. If we practice saying whatever we want and whenever we feel like it, without any consideration of the consequences, then we will be that kind of person. Thus, we should seek to engage in saying good words.

Steps Towards the Prayer
Every step we take towards the prayer is considered an act of charity. In the modern context, every rotation of the tire or every bit of road that you cross in order to get to the masjid is an act of charity. This also takes care of the gratitude.

Clearing the Pathways
The last point mentioned in this hadith is that to remove something from the road is considered charity. This is more common than we might think, since there are things that fall onto the road all the time that we can easily remove. If you attend the masjid, a good thing you can do to remove harmful things from the pathway is to take the slippers and shoes out of the hallway. It is a good opportunity to get charity by clearing the pathways in the house of worship.

This hadith is another way that the Prophet (sas) is reminding us of gratitude to Allah (swt). He gives us multiple avenues by which we can show our gratitude and multiple avenues where we can be charitable. These include assisting people, saying something nice, clearing something harmful from the pathway, and more.
Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim رحمه الله stated, “If the only giving charity knew that his charity falls in the hand of Allah before the hand of the terrible, the pride of the one giving could be greater than the satisfaction of the only taking.” [Madarij al-Salikeen 1/26]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah, the Messenger of Allah stated, ‘When a person dies, his deeds come to an cease except for 3: Sadaqah Jariyah (a non-stop charity), or understanding from which benefit is received, or a righteous baby who prays for him’. [Muslim]

Commenting in this in his statement of Sahih Muslim, Imam al-Nawawi رحمه الله wrote, “Ongoing charity (sadaqah jariyah) is a kind of waqf (endowment).”

In another hadith, the Prophet ﷺ stated: “The righteous deeds that retain to gain a believer after his demise consist of the information that he teaches and spreads among others; a righteous son whom he leaves in the back of; or a replica of the Quran that he bequeaths to his inheritors; or a masjid that he builds; or a rest house that he builds for the wayfarers; or a canal of water that he digs for the gain of others; or a charity that he gives out of his assets throughout his life while he is in sound fitness. He will keep to receive a reward for a majority of these even after his loss of life.” [Ibn Maajah and Ibn Khuzaymah]

Sadaqah jariyah or non-stop charity means the charity whose reward continues for its donor and it is recorded in his top deeds even after his demise. Normal sadaqah alternatively blessings the donor on a single occasion and is recorded as one true deed depending on the goal and Allah can multiply it much in addition InshaAllah.

The virtues of such deeds lie inside the reward which keeps even after the death of the man or woman; it does not cease at his death. The diploma of praise isn’t comparable for all the deeds; alternatively, it varies from one act of charity to every other based on its kind, effects and the want of humans for that charity.

Add to this, Allah is the King of Kings and His Bounty is Limitless. In a very well-known narration, it’s miles pronounced that the people slaughtered a sheep on the time of the Prophet ﷺ and gave it in charity besides for its shoulder. The Prophet ﷺ asked ‘Aishah, “What is left of it?” She said: “Nothing is left besides the shoulder.” He stated: “All of it’ll remain except its shoulder.” [Tirmidhi]

What this indicates is that something someone eats is that that is long past and not remains, but that which he gives in charity is what’s going to remain for him with Allah and he’ll benefit from it at the Day of Resurrection. This hadeeth is a reference to the verse in which Allah says,

“Whatever is with you, could be exhausted, and anything is with Allaah (of appropriate deeds) will remain” [al-Nahl 16:96]
Sadaqah Jariyah on Behalf of The Deceased
The pupils unanimously agree that it’s miles permissible to offer charity on behalf of the deceased and that its rewards will reach them. The deceased benefits from the non-stop charity (charity which has a continuous benefit) whether or not it was donated for him, his children, his wife, or through every other unusual individual (a non-relative).

Imam Muslim رحمه الله stated in the introduction of his Sahih that Imam Ibn al-Mubarak رحمه الله stated: “There isn’t any difference of opinion about charity (that it reaches the dead).”

Imam Muslim simply titled a phase of his Sahih as “The Reward of Charity on Behalf of the Deceased Reaches Him.”

On the authority of Sa‘d bin ’Ubadah that he stated, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Umm Sa‘d has died, so which charity is satisfactory?’ He answered, “Water (is first-class).” He stated, ‘So he (Sa’d) dug a properly and stated, “This (well) is for Umm Sa‘d”’. [Abu Dawud]

It was narrated from Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah that his mom died while he became absent, and he stated: “O Messenger of Allaah, my mother has died once I became absent. Will it gain her if I deliver in charity on her behalf?” He stated: “Yes.” He stated: “I ask you to endure witness that my garden that bears fruit is given in charity on her behalf.” [Bukhari]

It turned into narrated from Aishah that a man said to the Prophet ﷺ: “My mom died all of sudden and she or he did now not depart a will, but I think that if she ought to have spoken she would have given in charity. Will she have a reward if I deliver in charity on her behalf?” The Prophet ﷺ said: “Yes.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Abu Huraira stated: A guy stated to the Prophet ﷺ, “My father has died and he left at the back of a few belongings with out drafting a will for it. Will his sin be expiated if I deliver charity on his behalf?” The Prophet ﷺ said, “Yes.” [Muslim]

Imam Musa al-Hajjaawi رحمه الله stated: ‘Any act of obedience (by way of which one gets nearer to Allaah) that one does on behalf of a dead Muslim or a live one will advantage him (the lifeless or the stay man or woman).’ Imam Ahmad similarly stated: ‘The praise of any appropriate act that one plays on behalf of a useless individual will reach him.’

Imam Abu Bakr al-Khallal رحمه الله, mentions in his paintings, “Commanding the Good and Forbidding the Evil,” that Imam Ahmad as soon as entered a graveyard with a number of his college students and noticed a blind guy take a seat at a grave to recite Qur’an.

Imam Ahmad informed him to stop given that he considered it a reprehensible innovation (bid`ah). When they left the graveyard, one of his students narrated a hadith with a legitimate chain of narration that Ibn Umar himself left a bequest that someone should recite Qur’an at his grave after his loss of life. Upon hearing the narration, Imam Ahmad informed the scholar to go back and tell the blind man to move beforehand and recite Qur’an. [Muhammad Awwamah, Athar al-Hadith al-Sharif, citing Ibn Qayyim, Kitab al-Ruh]

Imam Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Marwazi رحمه الله stated, “I heard Ahmad say, ‘If you enter the graveyard, recite Ayat al-Kursi, ‘Qul HuwAllahu Aḥad’ 3 times, and then say, ‘O Allāh, its distinctive feature is for the dwellers of the graves!’’” [al-Ṭabaqat, 2/1228].

Imam al-Muwaffaq رحمه الله said, “Any act of devotion performed to give the reward to a deceased Muslim will gain them, InshaAllah. I do now not understand of any difference of opinion concerning supplication, searching for forgiveness, voluntary charity, and the performance of obligations in which a proxy is acceptable. Allāh has said (what approach), ‘And those who come after them will pray, ‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our fellow believers who preceded us in religion…’’ and ‘And are seeking forgiveness on your shortcomings and for the sins of the believing women and men’” [al-Mughni 2/225].

Imam al-Mardawi رحمه الله said “al-Marwazi has suggested, ‘If you enter the graveyard, recite Ayat al-Kursi, ‘Qul HuwAllahu Aḥad’ three instances, and then say, ‘O Allāh, its distinctive feature is for the dwellers of the graves’, that means the reward’” [al-Insaf, 7/152].

Imam al-Buhuti رحمه الله stated, “Every act of devotion done with the aid of a Muslim and then committed completely or in part e.G., half of, a third, a fourth of the reward, to a dwelling or deceased Muslim is permissible and will benefit them. The praise might be conferred upon them, even upon the Messenger of Allāh as referred to by al-Majd.

This includes both voluntary and compulsory deeds, be they deeds for which a proxy is suitable such as Ḥajj and the likes inclusive of an oath-rapid or deeds for which a proxy is unacceptable like prayer, supplication, searching for forgiveness, charity, manumission, uḍḥiyah, paying a debt, fasting, recitation, and so forth. Aḥmad said, ‘Everything appropriate reaches the deceased. This is based totally on helping texts and the truth that the Muslims everywhere collect to recite and gift their deceased with out repudiation; it’s miles consensus’” [Kashshaf al-Qinaʿ 4/431].

Imam al-Taqi b. Taymiyyah stated, “Regarding the praise of recitation and charity together with different acts of piety. There is not any contention between the scholars of al-Sunnah wa al-Jamaʿah approximately the praise of monetary acts of devotion inclusive of charity and manumission accomplishing the deceased as is the case with seeking forgiveness, praying the funeral prayer upon them, and supplicating for them on the grave.

They did range regarding the conferment of physical acts of worship which include fasting, prayer, and recitation. What is accurate, however, is they all attain the deceased because it has been authentically pronounced in al-Ṣaḥīḥayn that the Prophet stated, ‘Whoever dies with terrific fasts, their dad or mum is to rapid on their behalf’ and ‘He ordered a lady whose mom died with amazing fasts to speedy on her behalf’” [al-Majmūʿ 24/366-367].
Sheikh Ibn Baaz رحمه الله stated, “A deceased person is in want of supplication and charity (presented on his behalf), and the first-class thing a dwelling person can do for the deceased man or woman is to supplicate Allah, The Exalted, for him, implore Him to confer His mercy upon him, forgive and pardon him, and elevate his status in Paradise, and other similar top supplications. Charity advantages the deceased as nicely, be it within the shape of cash, food, garments, or any kind of property. All these acts benefit the deceased, as well as acting Hajj and ‘Umrah on his behalf. All of this advantages the deceased.”

Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan حفظه الله stated, “The torment of the grave will cease, for the disobedient, but believing deceased one; if he ought to be tormented in his grave; with the aid of manner of supplication or charity donated [on his behalf].”

What Happens If My Waqf Is Damaged or Destroyed?
Imam Ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi رحمه الله stated: “If a waqf is destroyed and not anything is left of it, it could be offered and the money used to buy some thing to be given lower back to the human beings in price of the waqf, and it must be made a waqf just like the first one turned into.

The equal applies to a horse saved for jihad, if it is not match for preventing, it must be sold and the money used to shop for some other one that is suit for jihad. What we conclude from that is that if a waqf is destroyed and is now not of any use, including a residence that collapses or land that is ruined and turns into lifeless and no longer in shape for cultivation, or a masjid from which the humans flow away, and is now in a place wherein people do no longer pray, or it becomes too small for the people and cannot accommodate all of them, or it falls into disrepair, and it can not be maintained except through promoting a part of it, then it’s far permissible to promote a part of it in order to take care of the preservation of the rest of it. If it isn’t possible to use any a part of it, then the whole lot may be offered.

Imam Ahmad رحمه الله‎‎ said, in step with a record narrated with the aid of Abu Dawud: if there are pieces of wood inside the masjid which are of a few fee, it’s far permissible to sell them and spend the cash raised at the masjid. According to a document narrated by Salih: the masjid can be eliminated to any other vicinity if there’s the concern of it being robbed or if the place is in a filthy location. Al-Qaadi stated: i.e., if that forestalls people from praying there. And he stated that it’s far permissible to sell its courtyard, in line with a file narrated by means of ‘Abdullah. The imam ought to supply testimony to that effect (i.E., that these changes are essential) [al-Mughni, 5/368]

Will My Rewards Cease If Waqf or Sadaqah Jariyah Ceases?
Our Sheikh Dr.Sajid Umar حفظه الله stated, “The rewards for sadaqah jariyah lasts so long as the thing for which it changed into created lasts. The reward can be continuous only if the gain is non-stop. The rewards till the factor wherein they benefit stopped as well as the rewards for establishing the sadaqah jariyah or waqf is secure with Allah. In this state of affairs, the sadaqah jariyah now becomes like a terrific deed that a person did which had a start line and an finishing factor.

If we positioned a mushaf inside the masjid, the person who kept it there receives rewarded so long as people examine from it. If no person reads from it, even then the man or woman is rewarded for having saved the mushaf there in the first location and this reward is safe with Allah.

If someone sponsors a hifdh scholar, and he sooner or later will become a hafidh. He begins teaching other people the Quran, who then cross ahead and teach others. The rewards for the primary pupil, and all the next college students who sprung up from him and all the gain that they carry are inside the account of those that subsidized the first student. This is why we need to comprehend how training is one of the most effective sorts of sadaqah jariyah. This is why it’s miles stated:
“Beneficial knowledge is an endowment which doesn’t give up”

Our Sheikh Bilal Ismail حفظه الله said, “The reward is dependent on the gain derived for the network. If a person makes a properly as a waqf, after which either the nicely is not looked after, or the humans near it circulate away, or the water dries up – the praise calculator stops because people are not benefitting from it. The time period “Jariyah” in Sadaqah Jariyah linguistically refers to shifting and technically it refers to a deed this is perpetual. Allah will reward a person until the time the gain occurred as well as for setting up the sadaqah jariyah or waqf inside the first place.”

Moving on, we can also have a look at it from a slightly different perspective as was shared via Sheikh Dr. Ibrahim Nuhu. Sheikh Ibrahim حفظه الله stated, “As lengthy as a person is benefitting from it, the person will continue to get rewards for it. This is why it is called sadaqah jariyah. End of the day, it is very easy for Allah. Allah sees the purpose of the person at the back of them putting in place a properly or something similar. The reward, we hope will be non-stop for such a person.

Allah multiplies our charity for us till the Day of Judgement. Abu Huraira mentioned: The Messenger of Allah said, “None gives charity from what is ideal, for Allah most effective accepts what is right, except that the Merciful takes it with his right hand. Even if it’s far a date, it is nurtured inside the hand of the Merciful until it turns into more than a mountain, just as one in all you nurtures his younger horse or camel.” [Muslim]

If this is how Allah deals with our regular charity, then we can best believe how Allah deals with, nurtures, and multiplies our large charities like sadaqah jariyah, awqaf and many others. They is probably treated the identical or better within the Court of Allah. I don’t need to say that the reward could be there if the advantage of the sadaqah jariyah stops, but we hope that because of the texts we’ve got noted, the reward keeps from Allah InshaAllah.”

Sheikh Saleh al-Fawzan narrates that he heard Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim رحمه الله‎‎ say, “Verily, ongoing charity will stop and the righteous toddler will die and the benefit of each of them will give up. But beneficial expertise will retain – so that is a number of what distinguishes knowledge from different righteous moves.”

We conclude with a reminder from our Sheikh Ibrahim Nuhu حفظه الله, “ If someone is given a blessing and it is being misused by using the servant, then Allah assessments them with the other of it. You’re both in this side or that. Either you’re doing something critical or not. Either you’re doing something that which please Allah, or that which pleases Shaitan. Check yourself.

Train your self to offer charity. It will help you and maintain you far from and cut off spending it inside the Haram manner. Wealth can take you to the highest station in Jannah or it could preserve you manner in the back of even the poorest of the poor wherein you have to account for every cent which you spent.

Don’t prevent your self from giving in the direction of Allah. It will by no means lessen of what you’ve got. That which you supply will never be not noted by means of Allah. Allah will take care of it and make it grow for you. On the Day of Judgement you’ll see mountains of true and marvel wherein this came from.

The Prophet of Allah ﷺ was like the sea in his way of charity. If you take a seat beside the sea, then from time to time it gives you fish, on occasion you discover precious stones. Likewise with the Prophet ﷺ, irrespective of which direction you return to him in, you usually depart with something from him. The Prophet ﷺ by no means said “La” in his lifestyles except for in tashahhud. This is ofcourse a metaphor of showing how charitable he changed into.

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